As far back as 1939, during World War II and the Cold War, research works had already begun at MIT. Researchers were already working on computers, radar, and inertial guidance.
As of March 2019, 93 Nobel laureates, 26 Turing Award winners, and 8 Fields Medalists have been affiliated with MIT as alumni, faculty members, or researchers. In addition, 58 National Medal of Science recipients, 29 National Medals of Technology and Innovation recipients, 50 73 Marshall Scholars, 45 Rhodes Scholars, 41 astronaut, and 16 Chief Scientists of the US Air Force have been affiliated with MIT.
The school also has a strong entrepreneurial culture, and the aggregated annual revenues of companies founded by MIT alumni ($1.9 trillion) would rank roughly as the tenth-largest economy in the world.
It has since a strong research culture and has as well played a key role in the development of many aspects of modern science, engineering, mathematics, and technology, and is widely known for its innovation and academic strength, making it one of the most prestigious institutions of higher learning in the world.
MIT has been described as home to one of the most powerful university-based nuclear reactors in the United States.